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GMAT 阅读文章深度分析

来源:朗阁教育19-03-28编辑:朗阁小编0人看过

GMAT阅读部分一直都是很重要的一部分。在考试中,有些考生再做阅读部时对文章结构一无所知,凭借自己对文章的理解去解题,没有从文章逻辑角度去给文章进行系统的分析,显然在做题中遇到了很大的困难。

GMAT阅读部分一直都是很重要的一部分在考试中,有些考生再做阅读部时对文章结构一无所知,凭借自己对文章的理解去解题,没有从文章逻辑角度去给文章进行系统的分析,显然在做题中遇到了很大的困难,对所选的内容无法精确判断,导致阅读时间过长,就今天这个问题我深度分析下文章的结构,还有在做题时需要掌握的技巧. 


一、文章的题材结构分析

GMAT文章来分主要分为5种:

1.结论解释型⽂文章:

这类文章首先需要确定每篇文章首句的评价,如果出现代表态度的词例如:accuratedetailed 给出的是一个评价就可以是判断是结论解释型文章,确认好了结构其实最重要的是文章主旨题就确定好在一句,无需去全篇看完最后确定态度。 

2.现象解释型⽂文章:

现象解释型文章需要从文章第一句来判断,如果文章首句内容为了阐述一个历史时间或是事实,没有给出明确的态度那就是现象解释型文章,此类文章的主旨和难点把握在作者的观点和最后结论,所以学生再找定位时或是在阅读中要着重看这部分的内容避免反复阅读.

3.问题解决型文章: 

此类文章在首句一般会出现一个问句或是Wether 这个词来代表提出的问题,一般如果是长篇文章那解决方案一般有两个,我们侧重是第三个解决方案,我们侧重看最后一个解决方案.这类文章的类型主要的主旨定位在结构上,所以考生需要对主旨结构进行分析. 

4.新⽼老老观点对⽐比型:

此类文章是阅读所有结构中,较难的结构,虽然我们从结构可以看出,新观点是文章的重点,但是在文章如果出现在短篇文章里的话,主旨的题的选项部分的难度增加,不仅仅是突出新观点,主要是抽象概念会很多了定位在新观点上,所以考生在做题是一定要注意 

5.特别套路路⽂文章:

此类结构出现考试中的情况有很大幅度的下降,在文章的首句一般会出现人名+Study,此类文章所有的重点都放在了评价上,所以文章的内容都会出现不同态度变化,主旨的位置最后的态度中

总结:文章结构分析很重要,因为可以帮助我们定位文章主旨的内容,减少阅读时间,考生需要熟练掌握方可抓住文章重点.

 

二、文章各个题型的解题技巧

1)、主旨题

排除以下选项:

1.关键词-⽂文章没提到的,主要为名词

2.出现Comparison ,极端词的选项 -Whenever , best , most  3.出现Trace的选项,因为是喜新厌旧型⽂文章所以不不能出现回顾⽼老老观 点内容

4.某段的细节

正确选项: ⽂文中明确的定位位置进⾏行行同义词转换,或是归类模式,从细节-概括 的选项 

2)、排除题

此类的题主要考是⽂文中的细节如果出现Except选项为标志词 此类正确答案,需要结合⽂文章给出的题⼲干还有过渡词来进⾏行行

例例如:firstly secondlythirdly ,secondly

 3)、信息题

信息题是⽂文中⻓长难句句的位置,主要考察的是作者的观点还有态度

解题⽅方法:

1.把⽂文中指定的位置句句⼦子看懂 2.进⾏行行同义词转换,同义句句转换,注意主要是动词这部分转换

4)、结构题

功能题 这类题Gmat⽂文章考察的频率不不⾼高,但是⾃自然科学类⽂文章偶尔会出

解题⽅方案:

注意每段⾸首句句和尾句句,看每段逻辑关系,短篇⻓长篇都会出现

5)、削弱题

削弱题是⽂文章的难点,主要考察逻辑反⽅方向思维能⼒力力,和逻辑题对的

削弱题

有相似处

解题:

1.看懂⽂文章指定位置句句⼦子的意思 2.进⾏行行取⾮非-直接取⾮非/找出它因取⾮非 3.答案不不在⽂文章⾥里里,所以⽆无需在⽂文中寻找

6)、类⽐比题

这类题解题⽅方式: 1.读懂⽂文章指定位置的句句意,然后找出类似的意思,在程度上,⽅方向 相似. 举例例:⼩小明是个纺织⼯工⼈人,⼜又是个动物学家,他经常养奇珍异物

⼩小红城市居⺠民喜欢在家的楼顶养奇怪的植物 相似处:-注意正确答案不在⽂章⾥.

 

三、真题分析

When Jamaican-born social activist Marcus Garvey came to the United States in 1916, he arrived at precisely the right historical moment. What made the moment right was the return of African American soldiers from the First World War in 1918, which created an ideal constituency for someone with Garvey's message of unity, pride, and improved conditions for African American communities.

Hoping to participate in the traditional American ethos of individual success, many African American people entered the armed forces with enthusiasm, only to find themselves segregated from white troops and subjected to numerous indignities. They returned to a United States that was as segregated as it had been before the war. Considering similar experiences, anthropologist Anthony F. C. Wallace has argued that when a perceptible gap arises between a cultures expectations and the reality of that culture, the resulting tension can inspire a revitalization movement: an organized, conscious effort to construct a culture that fulfills longstanding expectations.

Some scholars have argued that Garvey created the consciousness from which he built, in the 1920s, the largest revitalization movement in African American history. But such an argument only tends to obscure the consciousness of identity, strength, and sense of history that already existed in the African American community. Garvey did not create this consciousness; rather, he gave this consciousness its political expression.

词汇

Constituency :选民,支持者         Particulate : 参与,参加

Ethos :社会思潮                             Revitalization :复兴

Segregate :使隔离                           repudiate :拒绝,否定

allegiance :忠诚                             Desegregation: 种族歧视 

文章题材:历史

文章结构类型:结论解释型

文章每段主要内容:

    第一段:解释牙买加人MG的理念

  第二段:背景+人类学家FCW的理论

  第三段:学者的观点,作者推翻+结论:MG did not create this consciousness; rather, he gave this consciousness its political expression.

文章整个作者态度:反驳的态度,但属于混合评价

    

14. According to the passage, which of the following contributed to Marcus Garvey's success?

A He introduced cultural and historical consciousness to the African American community.

B He believed enthusiastically in the traditional American success ethos.

C His audience had already formed a consciousness that made it receptive to his message.

D His message appealed to critics of African American support for United States military involvement in the First World War.

E He supported the movement to protest segregation that had emerged prior to his arrival in the United States.

解析:

首先这道题属于细节题

第一段:谈到Garvey到达美国的时间非常好,因为一战期间回来相应的号召

第二段:讲述了这些黑人相信自己有机会取得成功,文章结论是黑人士兵的期待和经历导致了G的成功

根据定位我们找到L31-32 Garvey did not create ...rather ,he gave his consciousness its political expression .

再看选项

A.L27-30 可以知道:黑人社区在G来美国之前已经具有文化和历史的意识形态

B.L10-12 黑人并非向G相信传统成功思潮

C.正确,一战期间遭遇种族隔离的黑人乐于听G的观点

D.文章并没有谈到支持种族隔离运动

E.文章没有谈到这样的运动.

 

15. The passage suggests that many African American people responded to their experiences in the armed forces in which of the following ways?

A They maintained as civilians their enthusiastic allegiance to the armed forces.

B They questioned United States involvement in the First World War.

C They joined political organizations to protest the segregation of African American troops and the indignities they suffered in the military.

D They became aware of the gap between their expectations and the realities of American culture.

E They repudiated Garvey's message of pride and unity.

解析:

这道题属于推论题

L19-21a perceptible GAO arises between a culture s......由此我们可以得知文化的期待和文化现实有差距,黑人可以感受到部队中是被隔离和侮辱的

选项:

A 文章没有谈到黑人对部队的忠诚这样的内容

B 文章没有谈到黑人的质疑美国参与一战

C没有谈到加入政治组织

D正确 ,一战后,黑人社区发生了复兴运动,这场复兴运动表明,从战争中回来的黑人确实感觉到了在部队中的遭遇的种族隔离和他们希望改善的状况之间的差距

E.没有谈到和家人反对G的观点,相反,黑人是接受G的观点


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